Moksha Mantras for the Ultimate Goal of Life: Liberation from the Chain of Birth-Death-Rebirth
For religions based on the concept of rewards and punishments, the highest goal of life is going to heaven or paradise. For religions which do not preach good deeds in exchange for rewards, but teach fundamental virtues for the benefit of the whole humanity, the highest goal of life is going beyond the realm of heaven, a total liberation from the duality of life and death entangled in the endless chain of pain and pleasure experienced in the never-ending birth-death-rebirth cycle. In Sanskrit, this ultimate human goal is called Moksha, Mukti, Kaivalya: the ultimate liberation, the ultimate realization of Self, the ultimate enlightenment, the unio mystica. Moksha mantras are suitable for people who have already overcome worldly desires and emotional ups and downs. They can accelerate their spiritual evolution by chanting Moksha mantras and finally attain Monksha.
Video: MoodyJill; Text and meaning (courtesy of Mandala Yoga Ashram)
Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra is usually repeated 9 times.
I have often heard of its wish-fulfilling effect for whatever concrete wishes, but the sole wish expressed in this mantra is Mrityunjaya, for getting free from the clutch of death. Tryambaka, Sugandhi, Pushtivardhana are Shiva's attibutes.
Om Tryambakam (three-eyed one) Yajamahe (we worship), Sugandhim (fragrant) Pushtivardhanam (wealth-increading), Urvarukamiva (as cucumber [falls off]) Bandhanan (from bondage), Mrtyor (from death) Mukshiya (deliver [us]) | Ma (not) Amrtat (from immortality). Amrtam (immortality) is our birth right, it's only a matter of our level of consciousness depending on the level of our spiritual evolution.
Video: Light Omega; Singer: Deva Premal; Explanation
Gayatri is a Vedic metre of 24 syllables, and the best-known mantra written in this metre is Gayatri-Mantra recited by every brahmana in morning and evening devotions. There are gayatri (gaayatrii) mantras for almost all known deities, but this one dedicated to Savitr (Sun) is the most famous one.
Om | Bhuur (physical plane / waking state) Bhuvah (astral plane / dreaming) Svaha (etheric/sleeping) | Tat (that) Savitur (source of all being) Varenyam (worthy of worship) | Bhargo (purifying light) Devasya (God's) Diimahi (we meditate) | Dhiiyo (spiritual intellect) Yo (which) Nah (us) Prachodayat (may inspire!).
This mantra stimulates the Sun energy in our gross and subtle bodies, and strengthens our mental and spiritual faculties.